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Before hiring employees in Israel, there are a few important things you’ll need to know. Firstly, in Israel, an employer can only terminate an employee after a hearing, following which they must provide the employee with written notice.
During the first five years of employment in Israel, employees are entitled to 12 paid vacation days, which increases with each year of service.
We know this might sound overwhelming—but it doesn’t have to be. A solution like Oyster eliminates the barriers for you. With Oyster, you can automate compliance across 180+ countries, easily managing HR and payroll—all in one, easy-to-use platform.
Get an overview of what you need to know when hiring in Israel below.
At a Glance
13th / 14th SALARY
Good to know
- VAT of 17% is required in Israel on the total cost of employment unless the team member has no business in Israel and will not be interacting with Israeli customers and clients.
- A workweek in Israel is from Sunday to Thursday.
- Employees in Israel receive an additional benefit called a recreation payment. The amount of this payment is determined by law and depends on the number of years of employment. This is paid out in the spring (normally April) and Fall (normally September or October) to coincide with traditional holiday periods.
Employees in Israel work 42 hours per week from Sunday to Thursday.
The first two hours of overtime are paid at a rate of 125% of the regular pay, and 150% after that.
Overtime work and pay rates are usually outlined in the employment contract.
The probationary period in Israel is usually between one and 12 months, depending on the employment contract.
The length of a notice period in Israel depends on the length of the employee's service, with a maximum of 30 days. An employer can choose to make a payment to the employee in lieu of having them serve out the notice period.
Non-compete agreements in Israel must be clear and limited in scope and time. Agreements that involve compensation from the employer after the end of employment and throughout the non-compete period are more likely to be legally enforceable.
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Paid time off
During the first five years of employment, employees are entitled to 12 paid vacation days, which increases with each year of service as follows:
- Sixth year of service: 14 vacation days
- Seventh year of service: 15 vacation days
- Eight year of service: 16 vacation days
- More than eight years of service: An additional vacation day per year, to a maximum of 20 vacation days after 12 years
In Israel, employees are entitled to 18 sick leave days a year; this leave accrues at a rate of one and a half days with every month of service.
For the first day of sick leave, the employee is not entitled to pay. On the second and third day, the employee is entitled to 50% of their regular pay. From the fourth day onward, the employee is entitled to 100% of their regular pay. Upon return to work, the employee must provide a medical certificate from a doctor.
Employees with over a year of service with the same employer are entitled to 26 weeks of maternity leave, and those with less are entitled to 15 weeks of maternity leave.
The payment during this period depends on how long the employee paid national insurance taxes. If the payment was for 10 out of the 14 months preceding the maternity leave, or 15 out of the 22 months preceding the leave, the employee is paid for 15 weeks of the maternity leave. If the employee paid insurance taxes for six out of the 14 months prior, they are entitled to a maternity allowance for eight weeks.
Employees are also entitled to five days of paid paternity leave following childbirth. The first three days will be on account of the employee’s accrued annual vacation days, and the remaining two days will be on account of the employee’s accrued sick leave.
In Israel, VAT is required on top of the total cost of the team member at a rate of 17%, unless an employer meets the following criteria:
- The job description states there will be no work with Israeli clients, entities, companies, etc.
- The employer agrees that the team member has no business in Israel and/or with Israeli companies or clients.
Employers are also required to pay 28.28% in social contributions which includes severance pay, social security and health insurance, pension fund, and disability insurance.
Employees in Israel pay between 10% and 59% in taxes depending on their income bracket. Employees also pay 21.5% in social security contributions.
Termination of employment
In Israel, an employer can only terminate an employee after a hearing, following which they must provide the employee with written notice.
Severance pay can depend on whether the employer has been contributing to the severance pay fund and the number of years of service. This pay can be equal to one month's salary for each year of service.
However, employers that make monthly contributions equivalent to 8.33% of the employee’s monthly salary towards a severance pay fund do not need to pay severance separately. The accrued amount from this fund is released to the employee upon termination.
Start hiring employees in
Setting up a business entity everywhere you want to hire a new employee isn’t scalable—it takes too long and the legal fees are high. At the same time, understanding and adhering to the local labor laws and employee expectations can be complex and time consuming. And it’s hard to find reliable information on up-to-date employment information for all the countries where you’re considering hiring. Not to mention tracking down invoices and managing employee contracts over email and spreadsheets—that gets messy fast.
We can’t afford to take risks when it comes to compliance—we need to make sure we follow the local guidelines, especially when it comes to taxes and legalities.
With Oyster, you can manage HR and payroll, and automate compliance across 180+ countries—all in one, easy-to-use platform.
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